Well, in Sri Lanka at least 65 People and 150 Elephants loose their lives due to the on going conflict between them. The main reason behind this conflict is that the poor people, due the cost of land have no option but come and live in the boarder of wild life parks. Due to this reason the humans have come in to an area in which the elephants live in.
image source : www.flickr.com/photos/73919598@N00/377254103/
The rise of the number of deaths of humans as well as elephants has prompted the relevant authorities to come up with a so called electric fence as a solution for the confilcit. This solution has failed to live up to its expectation. The main reason for this is that the elephants have adapted them self to the fence. It has been stated that these elephants are so intelligent that they tend to use different mechanisms to earth the electric fence. They have also had success by throwing different object in to the fence to brake it down.
Therefore, the human elephant conflict (up to date) has no proper solution for it!!!